To change the world, education is the most powerful weapon which you can use. Information and Communications are closely linked and it has the ability to affect change.
ICT includes any communication device or application, encompassing radio and television, cellular phones computer etc.
For Instance, majorities of Indian women are traditional bound and are in disadvantageous position and it is ICT that acts as an emerging powerful tool for women empowerment.
Information communication technologies provide access information through telecommunications which includes the Community radio, wireless networks, cell phones, television radio broadcasting, computer hardware, software and electronic media like internet and electronic mail and other communication mediums and various ICT tools are used to educate and inform women.
Women play a central role in family, community and social development. However, women often remain invisible and unheard and are excluded from discussion because they are often illiterate, lack confidence and mobility. ICT offer the opportunities for direct, interactive communication even by those who lack skills, who are illiterate, lack mobility and have little self confidence.
In the development of any country, women play a pivotal role and it is in their status that best indicates the progress of any nation.
Women in rural areas are often deprived of minimum facilities of enlightenment and education. Growing food, cooking, raising children, caring for the elderly, maintaining a house, hauling water is done by women, and, universally, this work is accorded low status and no pay and are suffering from various problems such as less accessibility to modern information sources.
Women are suffering from various types of problems due to lack of education and information and so women’s empowerment is a must and it is one of the key factors in determining success of development.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are a diverse set of technological tools and resources to create,
Disseminate, store, bring value addition and manage information.
It helps women entails building up the abilities and skills to gain insight into the issues affecting them and also building up their capacity to voice their concerns.
Through ICT, women experienced social empowerment because they access to new and useful knowledge, information and awareness about a range of issues, topics and activities of interest to women. This new information and knowledge often provide mental stimulation and broadened participants’ thinking, advice and support in using email and the Internet, providing a way that often met the participant’s needs very well.
In this fast changing world and era of information technology,various ICT tools are used to educate and inform the rural people.
Right information given at the right time can empower the rural women and protect them from various problems. Various ICTs, such as radio, television, mobile phone and internet are used for empowering the rural women via awareness, education and information. Community radio, a participatory medium of communication, can be used for empowerment of rural women.
Not just the process of imparting literacy and numeracy but a process of socialization, education helps children cope with the natural and the social environment. This need emerged from the basic concern that irrespective of caste, creed, location or sex, all children must be given access to education of comparable standards.
Lack of knowledge of nutrition leads to high maternal mortality and infant mortality rates. Rural people have a low level of nutritional education and it is further compounded by irregular visits of health and Aanganwadi workers for nutrition education. Their contribution is hindered by lack of communication and other infrastructural facilities. In addition, lack of medical amenities for childbirth was the other factor affecting the health of women. These issues can be erased and eliminated by proper information and Communication or by way of interpersonal communication, however media with penetration to the grass roots level is required, and this wide reach can be achieved by community radio.
Various programs related to health, employment, education and other aspects have been initiated by the government.
Internet is one of the greatest inventions of the 20th century and has significantly changed the way modern people communicate and has created a global village because of its speed and worldwide reach in which people can communicate as if they are living next door.
In India, presently only one third of users who use the internet are women and lack of easy access to internet and its relevance in their daily lives are some of the biggest barriers for women to get online. To empower women even further, Google India has launched an initiative called ‘Helping women to use the online medium more effectively. The use of solar energy would also help where there is electricity problem in the rural areas.
The arrival of the internet has opened many possibilities for many people and it help people to connect it easily and create new content services and communities channels of communication that help people to deliver information and services.
Social Internet gave advantages to enhance and allows people to find and keep in touch with friends whom they might have otherwise lost touch and it helps in keeping information well and to help them keep up-to-date with the changing world.
It is through access to modern media of communication and information that the development of a society largely depends and through it women empowerment can be achieved.